Thursday, January 22, 2009

Animals in Winter- Hybernation/ Penguins/ Polar Bears

Book Ideas: Over in the Arctic by Marianne Berkes
“Over in the Arctic, the snow goose ‘honks’ and the wolf ‘howls.’ Children too will joyfully honk and howl while they count the baby animals and sing to the tune of ‘Over in the Meadow’.”


Time to Sleep by Denise Fleming
“When Bear notices that winter is nearly here he hurries to tell Snail, after which each animal tells another until finally the already sleeping Bear is awakened in his den with the news.”


When it starts to snow by Phillis Gershator
“What if it starts to snow. What do you do? Where do you go?" So begins this winter story, as each animal--from a mouse to a bear--tells us what it will do and where it will go when the snow starts to fall. Each takes cover in its own special home, except for one. Can you guess who?”


The Three Snow Bears by Jan Brett
“A wintry spin on the Goldilocks tale set in the Artic. A polar bear family leaves its igloo for a walk to let Baby Bear's soup cool just as Aloo-ki, an Inuit girl, runs past, searching for her team of huskies, which have drifted away on an ice floe. Distracted by the aroma of the soup, Aloo-ki wanders into the igloo, and the rest is (not quite) history.”


The practically perfect pajamas by Erik Brooks
“Percy gives up his beloved footed pajamas after the other polar bears tease him about them, but then he realizes how useful they were.”


My Penguin Osbert by Elizabeth Cody Kimmel
“When a boy finally gets exactly what he wants from Santa, he learns that owning a real penguin may not have been a good idea after all.”




Sergio Makes a Splash by Edel Rodriguez
“Sergio is a penguin. He loves fish, soccer, and water. He loves drinking water, bathing in water, spraying water, just about anything with water! But he has one big problem; he can't swim. So when his class takes a field trip to the ocean, Sergio must decide whether he should face his fear or avoid something he loves.”


A Penguin Story by Antoinette Portis
“Edna the penguin only knows the three colors that surround her: white ice, black night, and blue sea. She is convinced there is something more out there. So she sets out on a quest—a quest for color. When she finally finds what she's been looking for, it's everything she hoped for and more. But that doesn't mean she will ever stop looking.”




Songs and Rhymes:


Five little Penguins
5 little penguins sat on the shore
one went for a swim and then there were four

4 little penguins looked out to sea
one went swimming and the there were three

3 little penguins said “how do you do?”
One spied a fish, and then there were two

2 little penguins sat in the sun
One swam off and then there was one.

1 little penguin said “This is no fun”So he dived in the water and then there were none


Polar Bear
(Tune of "My Bonnie Lies Over the Ocean")
The polar bear lives in the Arctic
He never gets cold in a storm
He swims in cold icy water
His heavy coat keeps him warm
Warm, warm, warm, warm
His heavy coat keeps him warm
Warm, warm, warm, warm
His heavy coat keeps him warm


Camouflage!
The polar bear has a white fur coat,
Sometimes he walks quite slow.
It's hard to see just where he is...
He looks just like the snow!



Hibernation Song
(to tune of wheels on the bus)
The weather's getting cold so bundle up,
bundle up, bundle up
The weather's getting cold so bundle up,
winter's coming soon.
The bears in the cave sleep all the time............
The squirrels in the trees get lots of nuts...............
The frogs and toads go deep in mud.......
The ducks and the geese go flying south........
The people in the town wear hats and gloves..........

Hibernation –sung to “Alouette
Hibernation.
Time for Hibernation.
Hibernation.
Time to go to sleep.
In the winter where’s the bear?
Sleeping in its cave or lair.
Where’s the bear? cave or lair. Oh!

In the winter where’s the frog?
Sleeping by a pond or log.

In the winter where’s the snake?
In the mud beneath the lake.

In the winter where’s the bat?
In a cave is where its at.


Here is a Cave
Here is a cave. (make arch with one hand)
Inside is a bear. (using other hand, put one finger in cave)
Now he comes out. (pull finger out)
To get some fresh air.
He stays out all summer
In sunshine and heat. (fan face with hand)
He hunts in the forest (crawling motion with hands)
For berries to eat. (fingers to mouth)
When snow starts to fall (wiggle fingers like snow falling)
He hurries inside.
His warm little cave (make arch with hand again)
And there he will hide.(put your finger inside)
Snow covers the cave
Like a fluffy white rug.
Inside the bear sleeps (hands to side of head like sleeping)
All cozy and snug.


Winter animals
Winter is cold (hug yourself and shiver)
There is snow in the sky (flutter fingers above your head)
The squirrel gathers nuts (Pretend to gather nuts)
And the wild geese fly (flap arms)
The fluffy red fox (Cup hand over had to form ears)
Has his fur to keep warm (Stroke arms as if stroking fur)
The bear’s in her cave (form a arch with your arms)
Sleeping all through the storm (fold hand under cheek and pretend to sleep)



I’m a little Penguin
tune: I’m a little teapot
I’m a little penguin, look at me,
Fishing and swimming in the deep blue sea.
My wings are black and my tail is white.
And I like sliding down the snow so bright!

Little Penguin
(I’m a little teapot)

I’m a little penguin black and white
Short and wobbly, an adorable sight.
I can’t fly at all, but I love to swim
So I waddle to the water and dive right in!!!



Activity Ideas:


Idea #1: Animal Winter habitat poster

Read "When it starts to snow" or "Time to Sleep" and then discuss how various animals get ready for winter. Some animals migrate to warmer climates, some animals find a warm home and then hibernate and sleep all winter, others are active or awake all winter long and try hard to gather food. Then have your child sort and glue the animals in their winter habitats. You will need construction paper, crayons, markers, scissors, glue, and cotton balls.



First, you will need to tape one and a half pieces of construction paper together (on the back) to use as the habitat poster background. Then flip back to the front side and draw a scene similar to this photo.



Then, copy and paste the cave, log, and tree images into a word document and re size to fit the dimensions of the poster paper scene. I printed them out on colored paper to save time, but you could use white paper and color them in. You will also need to cut, or draw, a bare tree with no leaves out of brown paper (see next photo).




Once you've cut out the trees, cave, and log glue them down to the background scene (I didn't put glue along the side of the tree, log and cave where the animal will be tucked in, but still put enough on the other edges of the cut-outs to keep it glued down to the paper). The last thing you should do is write in the title and labels for the poster.




Now you can copy and paste each animal clip art from the list below into a word document and re size the images to make them smaller. You should be able to get them all on one page and then print (double check the size of the animals in ratio to their habitat so you know they'll fit in each spot before you print).


Animal Clip Art
Have your child color the animals and discuss as they're coloring if they think that animal is active in the winter, migrates or hibernates. Cut out the animals together and then glue them in the right spots on the poster.



Pull apart some cotton balls and add them to the poster to look like snow.



Idea#2: Traced-shoe Paper Penguin
Read one of the penguin books and then make a cute paper penguin. You'll need colored paper, googly eyes, scissors, glue and a pen.(this project is a little more "cookie-cutter" than I like, but can be purposeful by allowing your child to practice their fine motor skills of cutting and tracing)




First have your child trace around one of their shoes, on black paper. Then have them cut the shoe print out. Tracing and cutting are good fine motor skills for your child to develop. It doesn't matter if the cutting isn't perfect.



Next have them draw(if they can) and cut out three small triangles out of orange paper. While they are doing the orange triangles and the black foot print, you can cut out a small white oval for the belly(I traced the shoe on the white paper and then cut it a little smaller than the traced lines) and two long and skinny black triangles for the wings.




Now, let your child glue the pieces together, starting with the black body, then the white belly and so forth.




Idea #3: Mini Cardboard Bear Caves

Read "When it starts to snow" or "Time to Sleep" and discuss what hibernation means. Then make your own mini cardboard bear cave.


Re size the snoozing bear image by copying and pasting it to a word document and then dragging the image inward. Print off the image and let your child color their sleeping bear.




Next you will need a small cardboard box. We used an instant oatmeal packets box and a microwave popcorn box. A small tissue box would work great----what ever you can find around the house. Cut off the top flaps and then cut an arch in the front side.



Next, you will need to trace 4 sides of your box (back, two sides, and the top) on a brown paper grocery bag. Cut out the pieces and glue to the box, covering all the outer sides of the box, except the front arch side (the photo shows my daughter gluing the paper on to the sides).




For the front, you will need to cut lots of small scrap peices of the grocery bag, in various sizes, to look like stones or rocks. Spread a bunch of glue on the front side of the box and then randomly add on the scrap pieces.



Lastly, cut out your sleeping bear and glue him to the inside cave wall.


Idea #4: Polar Bear Habitat/Camoflauge

Read one of the polar bear books and the poem titled "camoflauge". Talk about how some animals live in winter weather, all year long. Then have your child do the following activity and figure out which habitat is best for the polar bear and why.



Print off the habitat scenes from the list below and have your child color them(all except the arctic scene). You may need to discuss with them what colors you would find in each of these habitats as they are coloring. You will also need to re-size and print a polar bear image and cut it out.


When your child is done coloring have them place their polar bear cutout on each scene and talk about why this would not be a good home for a polar bear (heat with heavy fur coat, sticks out like a sore thumb).




The polar bear blends right in to the wintery back ground. Talk about why camouflage is helpful to an animal.



Idea #5: Textured Polar Bear


Read one of the Polar Bear books and then do this simple art activity. Print off the polar bear image and then give him some textured "fur". Spread some glue on the polar bear, using a q-tip, and then sprinkle either coconut flakes or rice (which is what I used) over the glue and let dry.





Idea #6: Dance Hybernation Game


Read "Time to Sleep" and then play this musical dancing game. Play some music and when the music stops your child needs to "go to sleep". When the music plays, they dance around again. You can even have a pillow or layout a blanket for your child to lay on each time the music stops.

7 comments:

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Jennie Bender said...

Very cute, saving the thought for my preschoolers=) Thank you, I love the authentic look of the fur=)

Playing by the book said...

We did our own tactile polar bear today, but I love yours too - we've linked to it:
http://www.playingbythebook.net/2010/07/01/polly-and-the-north-star/

Gary said...

Greetings Amy and readers!
This affair is completely attractive owing to the fact that, it is to be done at home, sharing such a charming time with children.
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ABC and 123: A Learning Cooperative said...

What a fantastic post! I hope it is okay with you if we feature you with links back to your site on ABC and 123 tomorrow (1/2011).

La Dolce Vita: The Sweet Life said...

So happy to have found this post. Am planning a similar unit, and LOVE your ideas!

Magic and Mayhem said...

Oh my goodness, this is such an awesome unit study! I love the songs, crafts, books, all of it. I'm hoping to do it as circle time with my littlest kids this week, and shared it too. Thanks for such a wonderful post!
~Alicia